Enlightenment 16 is less featured than newer versions of Enlightenment, but this is perfectly possible and if you want to automatically run applications at the desktop start, Elive makes it even more easy for you
On Elive, a special file is provided for this:
~ ❯❯❯ scite ~/.e16/startup-applications.list
As you can see, it can run .desktop type files and also commands, so basically, just add your own commands in the end of the list, that's all!
One per line, for example it can look like:
My example line will launch a filemanager pointing to your documents directory on each desktop start
If you want to automatically set your autostart application to a specific desktop, size, position, or similar things, configure the "Remember" options, by pressing "ctrl + alt + right-click" in the window and selecting "Remember":